The Republic of Singapore, also derived from the Malay language ‘Singapura’ or recognized as the ‘Lion City’, is a small island found at the Southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, between Malaysia (north of the island) and Indonesia (located to the south). The country consists of a multi-racial and multi-religious population of approximately 5 million people. Its main races among the locals include a majority of Chinese, Malays and Indians. Within the population is an estimated 42% foreigners – a considerable number living harmoniously among the locals within this little island. Though the national language of Singapore is Malay, English is the main language used among its people. This is followed by other languages such as Chinese, Malay and Tamil.
Internationally, Singapore is reputed for its international trade and finance. The port of Singapore is a renowned international trademark and remains one of the busiest ports in the world till this day. As a foreign exchange centre, it is ranked the fourth largest in the world and plays a fundamental role in Singapore’s ever-growing economy. A substantial amount of foreign investments also contribute largely to the Republic’s achievement of being crowned as the fastest-growing economy in the world.